Preventing is easier

A third of all deaths are preventable. Information saves lives.

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Cancer

Risk: very high
Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth. It is a leading cause of death worldwide, but many cancers can be prevented. The majority of cancers, some 90-95% of cases, are due to environmental factors, such as lifestyle and behaviour, and only 5-10% are genetic.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, limit alcohol intake, limit sunlight exposure

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Coronary artery disease

Risk: very high
Coronary artery disease

CAD is the most common cardiovascular disease and a top cause of death. The arteries become narrow as the artery-wall thickens, causing a limitation of blood flow to the heart. Up to 90% of cases may be prevented if the risk factors are avoided.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, limit alcohol intake, eat a balanced diet, check blood pressure, check cholesterol level

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Obesity

Risk: very high
Obesity

Overweight or obese people accumulate excess body fat that has a negative effect on their health. Obesity is affecting 12% of the world population and increases the risk of many physical and mental conditions. It is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide.

To prevent: exercise, maintain a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet

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COPD

Risk: very high
COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease involving poor airflow. It affects nearly 5% of the global population. Symptoms include shortness of breath and productive coughing. COPD worsens over time and it has no cure, but its progression can be delayed.

To prevent: do not smoke

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Stroke

Risk: very high
Stroke

A stroke is a "brain attack". It happens when there is a disruption in the blood flow to the brain and results in cell death. Stroke often leads to permanent disability and is a top cause of death.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, limit alcohol intake, check blood pressure, check cholesterol level

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Medical errors

Risk: very high
Medical errors

Medical errors affect one in 10 patients worldwide and are a leading cause of death. Errors include misdiagnosis, delayed diagnosis, administering the wrong treatment, giving drugs that interact negatively or performing surgery on a wrong site.

To prevent: communicate

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Diabetes

Risk: very high
Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of diseases in which the level of sugar in the blood is too high. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar, but in diabetes either the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or the cells are not responding to it. Diabetes can cause many complications and premature death.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet

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Hypertension

Risk: high
Hypertension

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. It can have no symptoms, but it's a major risk factor for dangerous diseases. Hypertension affects 25% of the population and is believed to be a factor in 18% of deaths.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, limit alcohol intake, eat a balanced diet, check blood pressure

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Accidents

Risk: high
Accidents

Unintentional injuries caused by falls, traffic accidents or unintentional poisoning (such as drug overdose) are a leading cause of death, and the first cause of death for those between 1 and 45 years old.

To prevent: limit alcohol intake, keep eyes on the road

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Pneumonia

Risk: high
Pneumonia

Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), the most common types being pneumonia and bronchitis, are inflammatory conditions of the lung. Children and the elderly are at higher risk, but pneumonia is a major cause of death among all age groups, accounting for 7% of the world's yearly total.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, eat a balanced diet

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