Diabetes

Risk: very high
Diabetes
Diabetes is a group of diseases in which the level of sugar in the blood is too high. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar, but in diabetes either the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or the cells are not responding to it. Diabetes can cause many complications and premature death.

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How can you prevent Diabetes

Exercise

Benefit: very high
Exercise

Exercising increases insulin sensitivity, so cells are better able to use any available insulin hormone that helps the body use glucose (sugar) for energy.

Exercising can prevent or ameliorate a wide range of health conditions and diseases. It helps maintain a healthy weight and a normal blood pressure. It reduces the risk of major illnesses, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer by up to 50% and lowers the risk of early death by 30%.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, obesity, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Do not smoke

Benefit: very high
Do not smoke

Smoking raises blood sugar levels and weakens the body's ability to respond to insulin.

Smoking is highly addictive and it harms almost all organs. It is a major risk factor for the most common causes of death. Cigarettes contain about 600 ingredients and when they burn, they generate more than 7,000 chemicals, many of which are poisonous or carcinogenic.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, COPD, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Maintain a healthy weight

Benefit: very high
Maintain a healthy weight

The best predictor of type 2 diabetes is being overweight or obese.

Being overweight or obese is not only a cosmetic problem, but greatly raises the risk for serious medical conditions. The normal adult body mass index is between 18.5 and 25. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle and sugary drinks, move more, exercise, eat healthy and eat less if needed.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension

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Eat a balanced diet

Benefit: very high
Eat a balanced diet

Sugar-sweetened drinks increase the risk of diabetes. The type of fats in the diet are also important.

A balanced diet is essential for lowering many health risks. Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils. Limit the intake of sugar, salt, dairy products, refined grains, red meat and processed foods. Avoid junk food, trans fats and sugary drinks.

Can prevent: coronary artery disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Problems related to Diabetes

Coronary artery disease

Risk: very high
Diabetes is a risk factor for coronary artery disease.
Coronary artery disease

CAD is the most common cardiovascular disease and a top cause of death. The arteries become narrow as the artery-wall thickens, causing a limitation of blood flow to the heart. Up to 90% of cases may be prevented if the risk factors are avoided.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, limit alcohol intake, eat a balanced diet, check blood pressure, check cholesterol level

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Obesity

Risk: very high
Obesity is a risk factor for diabetes.
Obesity

Overweight or obese people accumulate excess body fat that has a negative effect on their health. Obesity is affecting 12% of the world population and increases the risk of many physical and mental conditions. It is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide.

To prevent: exercise, maintain a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet

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Stroke

Risk: very high
Diabetes is a risk factor for stroke.
Stroke

A stroke is a "brain attack". It happens when there is a disruption in the blood flow to the brain and results in cell death. Stroke often leads to permanent disability and is a top cause of death.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, limit alcohol intake, check blood pressure, check cholesterol level

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