Coronary artery disease

Risk: very high
Coronary artery disease
CAD is the most common cardiovascular disease and a top cause of death. The arteries become narrow as the artery-wall thickens, causing a limitation of blood flow to the heart. Up to 90% of cases may be prevented if the risk factors are avoided.

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How can you prevent Coronary artery disease

Exercise

Benefit: very high
Exercise

Regular exercise can help reduce the risk of CAD by controlling cholesterol and blood pressure, regulating blood sugar and maintaining a healthy weight.

Exercising can prevent or ameliorate a wide range of health conditions and diseases. It helps maintain a healthy weight and a normal blood pressure. It reduces the risk of major illnesses, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer by up to 50% and lowers the risk of early death by 30%.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, obesity, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Do not smoke

Benefit: very high
Do not smoke

Smoking is linked to about 36% of CAD cases. It damages the arteries, raises the blood pressure and reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood, forcing the heart to pump harder.

Smoking is highly addictive and it harms almost all organs. It is a major risk factor for the most common causes of death. Cigarettes contain about 600 ingredients and when they burn, they generate more than 7,000 chemicals, many of which are poisonous or carcinogenic.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, COPD, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Maintain a healthy weight

Benefit: very high
Maintain a healthy weight

Being overweight makes it more likely to develop CAD.

Being overweight or obese is not only a cosmetic problem, but greatly raises the risk for serious medical conditions. The normal adult body mass index is between 18.5 and 25. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle and sugary drinks, move more, exercise, eat healthy and eat less if needed.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension

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Limit alcohol intake

Benefit: very high
Limit alcohol intake

Alcohol abuse affects both physical and mental health. While a moderate alcohol intake (up to 1 drink/day for women, 2 drinks/day for men) can have health benefits, excessive consumption causes a wide range of psychiatric, neurological and cardiovascular problems, liver disease and other conditions.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, accidents

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Eat a balanced diet

Benefit: very high
Eat a balanced diet

The Mediterranean diet, which is rich in fruits, vegetables and olive oil, improves cardiovascular outcomes.

A balanced diet is essential for lowering many health risks. Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils. Limit the intake of sugar, salt, dairy products, refined grains, red meat and processed foods. Avoid junk food, trans fats and sugary drinks.

Can prevent: coronary artery disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Check blood pressure

Benefit: very high
Check blood pressure

Checking your blood pressure is important because hypertension is the biggest preventable risk factor for premature death and 50% of the hypertensive population worldwide are unaware of their condition. Once diagnosed, high blood pressure can be reduced with lifestyle changes and medication.

Can prevent: coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension

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Check cholesterol level

Benefit: high
Check cholesterol level

Around 30% of adults have a high level of LDL-cholesterol in the blood, which builds up plaque within the arteries, decreases the blood flow and affects the function of cells and organs. If you are 20 or older, it is recommended to have your cholesterol levels checked every five years.

Can prevent: coronary artery disease, stroke

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Problems related to Coronary artery disease

Obesity

Risk: very high
Obesity is a risk factor for coronary artery disease.
Obesity

Overweight or obese people accumulate excess body fat that has a negative effect on their health. Obesity is affecting 12% of the world population and increases the risk of many physical and mental conditions. It is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide.

To prevent: exercise, maintain a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet

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Diabetes

Risk: very high
Diabetes is a risk factor for coronary artery disease.
Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of diseases in which the level of sugar in the blood is too high. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar, but in diabetes either the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or the cells are not responding to it. Diabetes can cause many complications and premature death.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet

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Hypertension

Risk: high
Hypertension is a risk factor for coronary artery disease.
Hypertension

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. It can have no symptoms, but it's a major risk factor for dangerous diseases. Hypertension affects 25% of the population and is believed to be a factor in 18% of deaths.

To prevent: exercise, do not smoke, maintain a healthy weight, limit alcohol intake, eat a balanced diet, check blood pressure

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