Cancer

Risk: very high
Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth. It is a leading cause of death worldwide, but many cancers can be prevented. The majority of cancers, some 90-95% of cases, are due to environmental factors, such as lifestyle and behaviour, and only 5-10% are genetic.

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How can you prevent Cancer

Exercise

Benefit: very high
Exercise

Exercise can reduce the risk of many cancers. For example, it helps waste pass through more quickly, reducing contact with cancer-causing agents and lowering the risk of bowel cancer with up to 50%.

Exercising can prevent or ameliorate a wide range of health conditions and diseases. It helps maintain a healthy weight and a normal blood pressure. It reduces the risk of major illnesses, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer by up to 50% and lowers the risk of early death by 30%.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, obesity, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Do not smoke

Benefit: very high
Do not smoke

Smoking accounts for 30% of all cancer deaths and 87% of lung cancer deaths.

Smoking is highly addictive and it harms almost all organs. It is a major risk factor for the most common causes of death. Cigarettes contain about 600 ingredients and when they burn, they generate more than 7,000 chemicals, many of which are poisonous or carcinogenic.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, COPD, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, pneumonia

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Maintain a healthy weight

Benefit: very high
Maintain a healthy weight

Excess body weight contributes to as many as 1 out of 5 of all cancer-related deaths.

Being overweight or obese is not only a cosmetic problem, but greatly raises the risk for serious medical conditions. The normal adult body mass index is between 18.5 and 25. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle and sugary drinks, move more, exercise, eat healthy and eat less if needed.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension

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Limit alcohol intake

Benefit: very high
Limit alcohol intake

Alcohol abuse affects both physical and mental health. While a moderate alcohol intake (up to 1 drink/day for women, 2 drinks/day for men) can have health benefits, excessive consumption causes a wide range of psychiatric, neurological and cardiovascular problems, liver disease and other conditions.

Can prevent: cancer, coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, accidents

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Limit sunlight exposure

Benefit: high
Limit sunlight exposure

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or from tanning beds is the number-one cause of skin cancer.

The ultraviolet radiation in sunlight has both positive and negative effects. It is a principal source of vitamin D, improves endorphin levels and protects against multiple sclerosis. But overexposure is the top risk factor for skin cancer. Limit your sun exposure, especially between 10AM and 4PM.

Can prevent: cancer

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Problems related to Cancer

Obesity

Risk: very high
Obesity is a risk factor for cancer.
Obesity

Overweight or obese people accumulate excess body fat that has a negative effect on their health. Obesity is affecting 12% of the world population and increases the risk of many physical and mental conditions. It is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide.

To prevent: exercise, maintain a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet

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