A third of all deaths are preventable. Information saves lives.
Exercising can prevent or ameliorate a wide range of health conditions and diseases. It helps maintain a healthy weight and a normal blood pressure. It reduces the risk of major illnesses, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer by up to 50% and lowers the risk of early death by 30%.
Smoking is highly addictive and it harms almost all organs. It is a major risk factor for the most common causes of death. Cigarettes contain about 600 ingredients and when they burn, they generate more than 7,000 chemicals, many of which are poisonous or carcinogenic.
Being overweight or obese is not only a cosmetic problem, but greatly raises the risk for serious medical conditions. The normal adult body mass index is between 18.5 and 25. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle and sugary drinks, move more, exercise, eat healthy and eat less if needed.
Alcohol abuse affects both physical and mental health. While a moderate alcohol intake (up to 1 drink/day for women, 2 drinks/day for men) can have health benefits, excessive consumption causes a wide range of psychiatric, neurological and cardiovascular problems, liver disease and other conditions.
A balanced diet is essential for lowering many health risks. Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils. Limit the intake of sugar, salt, dairy products, refined grains, red meat and processed foods. Avoid junk food, trans fats and sugary drinks.
Checking your blood pressure is important because hypertension is the biggest preventable risk factor for premature death and 50% of the hypertensive population worldwide are unaware of their condition. Once diagnosed, high blood pressure can be reduced with lifestyle changes and medication.
Around 30% of adults have a high level of LDL-cholesterol in the blood, which builds up plaque within the arteries, decreases the blood flow and affects the function of cells and organs. If you are 20 or older, it is recommended to have your cholesterol levels checked every five years.
The ultraviolet radiation in sunlight has both positive and negative effects. It is a principal source of vitamin D, improves endorphin levels and protects against multiple sclerosis. But overexposure is the top risk factor for skin cancer. Limit your sun exposure, especially between 10AM and 4PM.
Can prevent: cancer
Be an active member of your health care team to prevent medical errors, a top cause of death. Share health information, such as allergies and past problems, with your doctors. Find out why a treatment is needed. Speak up if you have questions or concerns and when in doubt, ask for a second opinion.
Can prevent: medical errors
Accidents are the top cause of death for those 1-45 years old. Talking on the phone, reading messages, eating, reaching for objects and other distractions are causing up to 80% of car crashes. Putting down the distractions and staying focused on driving can prevent many injuries and deaths.
Can prevent: accidents